Photo by the Ministry of the Environment
Fouad’s remarks came during his speech at the 18th session of the African Ministers’ Conference of the Environment (AMCEN) in the Senegalese capital, Dakar, according to a statement released by the environment ministry on Friday.
Although it only accounts for around 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions, Fouad said Africa is most affected by climate change, pointing out that 20% of the continent’s population live in countries which are among the 10 most vulnerable to climate change.
Fouad further mentioned that between 2010 and 2022, 172.3 million Africans were affected by drought and 43 million were affected by floods.
African countries are the most affected by food insecurity and water scarcity, she added, pointing out that climate change is expected to push an additional 78 million people into chronic hunger by 2050, including more than half in sub-Saharan Africa.
She said adaptation is the top priority for Africa and Egypt. Thus, the Egyptian government has made enormous efforts to address the challenges of climate change and include climate-related dimensions in its national plans in all sectors.
“It is important for us as COP President to restore the balance between adaptation and mitigation,” she added.
Fouad said the ambition of the COP27 Presidency is reflected in its comprehensive set of initiatives which focus primarily on the priorities of developing countries, particularly in Africa.
For the first time, the COP27 initiatives are based on an inclusive process of global consultations, with six of the thirteen focusing primarily on Africa and two others focusing on Africa as part of its objectives, it said. -she adds.
The Minister indicated, for example, that the initiative for a just and affordable energy transition was designed to federate the efforts of African countries working to accelerate their energy transitions and serve as a point of reference for them and the financing partners of the development.
This initiative aims to respond to the reality where 598 million people in Africa do not have access to electricity and 930 million do not have access to clean cooking fuels.
Fouad said existing efforts are also insufficient to address waste management, as less than 10% of solid waste generated on the continent is recycled. Therefore, the Waste 50 initiative aims to solve the waste management crisis in Africa by 2050.
The Minister said that without the implementation of measures to contain climate change, Africa would witness the displacement and migration of up to 85.7 million people.
Fouad reviewed the role of Friends of Greening National Budgets in Africa and developing countries in helping governments create an enabling environment for the private sector to transition to a low-carbon economy capable of s adapt to climate change.
She also spoke about the Biodiversity Initiative which will form Nature-Based Solutions (NbS) as many issues that the entire continent will be tackled at COP27 including marine life, marine pollution, restoration and conservation of ecosystems, in addition to the fight against desertification.
“We call COP27 a COP for implementation. As President of the COP, we seek to maintain global ambition for climate action,” the minister said.
Egypt will host COP27 in the city of Sharm el-Sheikh from November 6-18, with its presidency priorities focused on delivering on climate-related commitments to facilitate the transition to green energy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. harmful greenhouse gases. emissions and adapt to climate change in accordance with the Paris Agreement.
The Paris Agreement – adopted at COP21 and signed by more than 190 states including Egypt – entered into force in 2016 with the aim of limiting the rise in temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Climate finance has been debated at every COP meeting since, with developed countries failing to deliver on their pledge to mobilize $100 billion a year by 2020 to help developing countries take mitigation and adaptation.
Egypt is also keen to raise the issue of climate finance to support African countries at the summit.